October is Bullying Prevention Awareness Month. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that, during the 2012-2013 school year, about 22 percent of students ages 12–18 reported being bullied at school during the school year. The CDC defines bullying as any unwanted aggressive behavior(s) by another youth or group of youths who are not siblings or current dating partners that involves an observed or perceived power imbalance and is repeated multiple times or is highly likely to be repeated.
As more is being learned about the negative psychological and physical effects of bullying, researchers are focusing on how to address the problem. The research and resources featured here relate to efforts to prevent violence in schools and help young people feel safe and supported.
Bullying and Violence Prevention
The National Resource Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth Violence Prevention seeks to increase effectiveness of youth violence prevention; prevent mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders; and promote safe and healthy school and community environments that prevent youth violence and support the overall well-being of all children and youth.
Published in two parts, “Understanding and Intervening Bullying Behavior” and “Creating a Supportive Classroom Climate,” this toolkit helps educators identify, address, and prevent bullying behavior through a series of workshops and exercises.
Positive School Climate
The National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments offers resources on issues schools and communities face that affect conditions for learning, including bullying, cyberbullying, harassment, and violence.
SSYI fosters collective community responsibility for addressing violence among urban males ages 14-24 who are perpetrators or victims of serious violence. Based on the OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model and implemented within a public health framework, AIR researchers and partners are conducting the inaugural evaluation of this statewide violence-prevention strategy which features street outreach and therapeutic, educational and vocational supports for the Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services. Partners include WestEd and Justice Resource Institute.
The definition of bullying and the statistic cited above are from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.