RISE Webinar Series
The Research on International Studies in Education (RISE) Webinar Series, organized by AIR, showcases research using data from international studies and promotes sharing and discussion about how data-based evidence can be used for improving educational outcomes.
Student Misconceptions and Errors in Physics and Mathematics: Exploring Data from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced
Please join the American Institutes for Research on Wednesday, November 13th 2019 for a presentation and discussion of a recent study about students’ misconceptions and errors in physics and mathematics conducted for the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Research for Education Series. The study used 20 years of data (1995-2015) from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and TIMSS Advanced assessments to examine patterns of student misconceptions and errors in one physics topic (gravity) and one mathematics topic (linear equations) in five countries (Italy, Norway, the Russian Federation, Slovenia, and the United States) across three grade levels (4, 8, and 12). Trend items administered in multiple assessment cycles were used to explore how the frequency of misconceptions and errors changed over time.
- Presenter: Teresa Neidorf, Principal Researcher, American Institutes for Research
- Discussant: Stephen Provasnik, International Activities Branch Chief, National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education
- Moderator: Maria Stephens, Senior Researcher, American Institutes for Research
On March 27th, 2019, AIR hosted a presentation and discussion on the examination of socioeconomic inequality and educational outcomes using evidence from twenty years of data from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Although the association between family socioeconomic status (SES) and student achievement has been thoroughly investigated in previous research, the extent of change in that association in individual education systems over time is less well known. Improving achievement among their disadvantaged students and narrowing the achievement gaps between students of low- and high-SES backgrounds is a common policy goal for many education systems. However, the lack of quantifiable measures, especially those that are easy to understand, makes it difficult to track and assess the effect of such efforts. Twenty years of TIMSS data, from 1995 to 2015, was used to examine whether the inequality of educational outcomes due to SES has changed for education systems over time and to investigate the extent to which disadvantaged students improved their academic performance over time. Education systems in thirteen countries, including the United States, were studied.
On February 6th, 2019, the American Institutes for Research (AIR) hosted two presentations on the experiences and skills of young adults in the United States:
The first presentation focused on the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), which is the fourth in a series of secondary longitudinal studies conducted by NCES since the 1970s to study young adult progression through high school and into young adulthood, with data on outcomes such as postsecondary education and early careers.
The second presentation used data from the OECD’s Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) to discuss skills of U.S. young adults (those 16-34 at the time of the data collection) and draws on two reports written for the ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education. A brief introduction to the PIAAC database and NCES data products is followed by a discussion of the performance of U.S. millennials compared to that of their international peers. In addition, the presentation looked at the size and characteristics of low-skilled U.S. millennials and the implications of this for society more broadly.
On November 14, 2018 the American Institutes for Research (AIR) hosted a presentation and discussion focusing on the latest international results from the OECD’s 2018 Education at a Glance.
This webinar highlighted findings related to the following questions:
- How much time do students in the United States spend in the classroom compared to their international peers?
- How do early childhood education systems differ around the world?
- How do salaries for teachers and school heads vary by country?
- How can I find and work with these data?
Additional topics relevant to international education comparisons were discussed.
On May 2, 2018 the American Institutes for Research hosted a presentation and discussion focusing on the latest international results in financial literacy from the 2015 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA).
World-renowned researcher Dr. Annamaria Lusardi presented findings relevant to PISA and financial literacy more broadly. Topics included:
- Why is financial literacy so important for today's students and young people?
- Cross-nationally, which education policy initiatives emphasize financial literacy?
- How are socioeconomic status and per capita GDP associated with financial literacy outcomes?
On March 15, 2018 the American Institutes for Research hosted a presentation and discussion focusing on the latest international results in reading from PIRLS and ePIRLS 2016. In 2016, IEA and its TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center at Boston College conducted the fourth assessment in the PIRLS series as well as the inaugural ePIRLS assessment of online informational reading. Administered every five years, PIRLS monitors international trends in reading achievement at the fourth grade. In 2016, a total of 319,000 students from 61 international education systems participated in the PIRLS assessment.
This presentation is based on the PIRLS 2016 International Results in Reading report and utilizes infographics and exhibits to describe the following:
- Achievement trends over time
- Performance at the PIRLS International Benchmarks
- Achievement in relation to students’ home, school, and classroom educational contexts
The presentation provides information about student achievement on ePIRLS.
Do Teachers Teach Less in Classrooms with Students with Special Needs? Trends and Predictors from International Data
On October 26, 2017 the American Institutes for Research hosted a presentation and discussion on the inclusion of students with disabilities in general education classrooms, a cornerstone of special education policy in the United States and many countries. While studies have examined when and how much inclusion is appropriate for students with disabilities, there is less research on how inclusion may negatively impact students without disabilities in the same classroom. Using 2013 data from the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS), the presentation addressed some parents' concern that, due to the additional needs of students with disabilities, teachers may spend less time teaching in inclusive classrooms. Through analyses of 121,173 teacher responses from 38 participating education systems, factors are identified that may explain disparities in instructional time between inclusive and non-inclusive classrooms.
20 Years of TIMSS: International Trends in Mathematics and Science Achievement, Curriculum, and Instruction
On May 31, 2017 the American Institutes for Research hosted a presentation and discussion on a recently released report using data from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) titled 20 Years of TIMSS. Since its first administration in 1995, TIMSS has become a prominent assessment of students’ knowledge, skills, and abilities in Mathematics and Science. Not only does TIMSS measure student achievement in mathematics and science, it is also designed to report on curriculum and instruction, as well as student background variables. TIMSS’ most recent administration in 2015 marks 20 years of this assessment being operationalized, which allows researchers and policy makers to gain a sense of changes in student achievement, curriculum and instruction, and student background variables over the last 20 years. This webinar focuses on the 20 Years of TIMSS report and digs deeper in to the educational shifts and changes that have occurred in education systems around the globe.