Bangladesh has been recognized for its great success in improving educational and health outcomes during the past few decades. Coinciding with its economic growth over the past few decades, Bangladesh has rapidly improved the social indicators, including the improvement in the access to and the quality of primary and preprimary education. The National Pre-primary Operational Framework describes the plan for two years of preprimary education, starting with one year of preprimary education in all primary schools and gradually growing into a two-year program. With its Early Years Preschool Program (EYPP), Save the Children has been providing the additional year of preschool to four-year-old children, who then progress to the one-year government preprimary class at age five and to first grade at age six.
AIR is investigating the impacts of offering this additional year of preschool education in Bangladesh on child development outcomes (cognitive and social emotional), and will examine the benefits relative to the costs of the program. The study will also examine the mechanisms through which the intervention affects the outcomes of interest, and the operational and community conditions for program implementation. This study will provide evidence for the Government of Bangladesh on how and how much the additional year of preschool benefits children, and at what cost. This information may also be useful for other countries considering similar programming.