Justice Systems

While more recent state and federal reforms have brought substantial declines in justice-involvement since the early 2000s, particularly for juveniles, justice-system involvement remains high relative to other nations, especially for Black and Latinx men. At the same time, mounting evidence suggests that early justice-involvement undermines a successful transition to adulthood, reducing the likelihood of completing high school, establishing a career, and living independently.

Our Work

AIR’s justice experts harness decades of experience in the social and behavioral sciences to conduct research and promote evidence-based solutions through relationship-driven technical assistance. Our work addresses the whole of the prevention-intervention continuum, from reducing delinquency and increasing resilience among youth and empowering schools, police, and communities to use evidence-based alternatives to arrest and detention, to rigorous research on desistance from gang violence, mentoring, and reentry from prison to community.

Across research and technical assistance supports, we bring an attention to the role that structural barriers have contributed to justice-involvement and re-involvement. We are committed to examining opportunities to mitigating the role of structural factors which contribute to system-involvement, including as they relate to racism, low-income educational and training resources, poor neighborhood conditions, and inadequate physical and mental health supports.

Candace Hester
Principal Researcher
Image of Roger Jarjoura
Principal Researcher
Patricia Campie
Principal Researcher