Methods of Synthesis and Integration Center (MOSAIC)

The Methods of Synthesis and Integration Center (MOSAIC) at AIR is an inter-disciplinary collection of research synthesis projects conducted at AIR. MOSAIC seeks to inform stakeholders and create evidence-based solutions within and across the fields of education, health, international development, social welfare, and workforce.

Two women working at laptops

Welcome to MOSAIC, the AIR center committed to conducting high-quality research synthesis, improving research synthesis methods, and promoting the use and uptake of reviews and meta-analyses.

Key Work

Smiling teacher kneeling to talk to young student

How Learning Forward’s Professional Learning Standards Are Associated With Teacher Instruction and Student Achievement: A Meta-Analysis

AIR conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the effects of professional development programs on teacher instruction and student outcomes. AIR worked closely with Learning Forward (LF) to understand the ways in which teacher professional development research demonstrates LF's 2011 Professional Learning Standards and their revised 2022 Standards. AIR’s study helped contextualize these standards within randomized field studies of professional learning published between 2010 and 2020.

Young children working on a science experiment together

Discovery Research PreK-12 Program (DRK-12) Synthesis Research

Rigorous research and methods are essential for developing, testing, and scaling innovations in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education. This project provides the STEM community with opportunities to learn about recent intellectual contributions and the broader impact of grants awarded by the National Science Foundation's Discovery Research PreK-12 program (DRK-12). AIR identified four high-priority topic areas in which the DRK-12 program has made substantial investments between 2011-2015 and is preparing a synthesis on each topic. 

Women engineers in a factory

Vocational and Business Training to Increase Women’s Participation in Higher Skilled Occupations in Developing Countries

AIR conducted a systematic review to examine the impact of vocational and business training on women's labor market outcomes in low-and middle-income countries. The project team used quantitative and qualitative meta-synthesis techniques to examine the trainings' impacts on women's employment and income and to assess structural barriers to training effectiveness.

Word cloud of cyber bullying terms.

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Decrease Cyberbullying Perpetration and Victimization

The goal of this project was to synthesize the literature on the effects of prevention programming on reducing cyberbullying perpetration and victimization. The search yielded over 50 studies and 100 effect sizes. The results of the meta-analysis revealed that programming is moderately effective in reducing cyberbullying.