Understanding Patterns and Precursors of ELL Success Subsequent to Reclassification

Jinok Kim, AIR and Joan L. Herman, CRESST/ University of California, Los Angeles

This paper describes a research project which examined the validity of existing English Language Learner (ELL) reclassification systems—the process by which ELL students are reclassified as fully English proficient and ready to function without special services. Current state and district reclassification criteria and procedures have been found to be inconsistent and lacking in an empirical base. The project drew on longitudinal student data in two states and identified potential factors that may better predict ELL students' success after reclassification and thereby may be included in a more valid reclassification system.