Title I at 50: A Retrospective
2015 marks the 50th anniversary of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), one of the most influential pieces of federal legislation in U.S. education policy. This anniversary also commemorates five decades of concerted federal effort to enhance educational achievement among underserved students. Title I of the original ESEA of 1965 made educational equity a federal priority by providing financial assistance to local education agencies serving children of low-income families. In recent years, the policy’s scope has expanded to serve more than 21 million children.
Title I’s structure has changed over time in response to policy debates and education reform movements. In particular, the federal role in education has evolved along with ways to address educational inequities for underserved students. Title I at 50: A Retrospective traces the history of the landmark federal program and provides background as Congress considers changes to Title I.