Highlights from 2015's Most-Viewed Work
In case you missed it, explore the more widely read AIR work published online in 2015.
In the next decade, more than 1.5 million new teachers will be hired for our schools; unfortunately, teacher preparation programs may not be up to the task of delivering the teacher workforce we need. This brief describes elements of an effective start-to-finish look at teacher preparation.
This brief provides an overview of work done to date both in afterschool and school-based settings to define social and emotional learning, shares recent research on how afterschool programs contribute to the development of these competencies, and offers some next step recommendations to both practitioners and researchers.
On the 25th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the 40th anniversary of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) this year, AIR experts reflect on an era of research on the classroom and the workplace, their stories, and the future.
Read on for more of our most-viewed work from 2015.
Most-Viewed In Adult Learning and Work
The proportion of working-age people with disabilities who are in the labor force fell from 25 percent in 2001 to 16 percent in 2014. Millions of working-age adults with disabilities are willing to work but do not have jobs and do not count as unemployed. State by state, the paper breaks down the workforce participation of people with disabilities, according to disability type.
Does educational attainment lead to the same degree of success for workers with disabilities and their peers? Here are some facts about the earnings gap that exists at all education levels and widens as both groups climb the educational ladder.
States, districts, and teachers identify a need for professional learning that enables Career and Technical Education teachers to help their students meet new standards, and to respond more effectively to shifts in policy and requirements. This brief outlines the most-needed training topics, the challenges to meeting these needs, and the learning opportunities that work best.
Most-Viewed In Health and Wellness Across the Lifespan
Public awareness of patient safety issues—from surgical errors to miscommunications and misdiagnoses—has grown dramatically. The greatest advances in safety encourage patient engagement, systems improvement, more effective communication, and better risk assessment.
New research indicates it is an effective way to gather informed public views on complex health policy and to help guide policy decisions. This fact sheet provides an overview of public deliberation—convening a diverse group of citizens to consider an ethical or values-based dilemma and weigh alternative views—and what evidence says about its effectiveness.
Most-Viewed In International
For millions of children in developing countries, education can be the key to improving their lives and communities. Research and application demonstrate that programs can be successful in fostering literacy, numeracy, and critical thinking; developing teachers; and increasing educational opportunities for children and youth.
Most of the world is multilingual—at the national, community, family, and individual levels—and each of these has implications for teaching and learning. This study is one of the first to focus on a theory of change relevant for multilingual learners in the developing world. Pooja Reddy Nakamura introduces the report in a brief video.
In this commentary, Pooja Reddy Nakamura, an AIR senior researcher, explores the question of when to introduce English to children in multilingual contexts. Rather than introducing it at the first opportunity, she suggests grouping classes by local language achievement skill—not just age—and introducing written English only after the local language threshold has been reached.
Most-Viewed in Higher Education
Attaining some kind of college degree is the surest way to improve one’s earnings in the United States. But many college students earn credentials with little labor market value or don’t attain any credential at all. Many—especially in our community colleges—could get into better colleges than they end up attending. In this commentary, AIR Institute Fellow Harry Holzer offers suggestions for a widening the range of pathways into the labor market and boosting performance and completion rates for students.
If you want to know which school is the right choice for launching your future, college rankings lists aren’t much help. In USA Today, AIR’s Mark Schneider advises students and families looking for a good return to ignore these myths about choosing a college.
While a bachelor’s degree remains a good investment for most students, not all have the time, money, or inclination to complete the degree. Depending on subject studied and location, those with associate’s degrees or certificates often out-earn those holding a bachelor’s. Here are the fast facts.
Most-Viewed in P-12 Education and Early Childhood
Transitional kindergarten is intended to better prepare young five-year-olds for kindergarten and ensure a strong start to their educational career. AIR researchers examined the success of the program by determining the impact of transitional kindergarten on students’ readiness for kindergarten in language, literacy, mathematics, executive functioning, and social-emotional skills.
Both the formal and informal education communities are increasingly focused on fostering opportunities for social and emotional learning (SEL) and the link between SEL and youth outcomes. This self-reflection tool is designed to help afterschool program staff reflect upon their own social and emotional competencies and their ability to support young people's SEL through program practices.
Study of the Alignment of the 2015 NAEP Mathematics Items at Grades 4 and 8 to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Mathematics
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has provided the best available information about the academic achievement and educational progress of the nation’s students. The influence of Common Core State Standards on instruction suggest the need to examine the alignment between NAEP and the CCSS. This study compares the mathematics items in the 2015 NAEP and the CCSS.
A planning guide for educators, released at the Rethinking School Discipline event at the White House on July 22, 2015, is aimed at promoting positive school climates and ending disparities in administering student discipline.
With recent concerns about the growing resegregation of schools, this analysis sheds light on the relationship between the Black-White achievement gap and the demographic makeup of schools. The analysis finds that black student scores were lower, and achievement gaps wider, in mostly black schools.
The Massachusetts Education Wraparound Zones (WAZ) Initiative is designed to allow schools to proactively and systematically address students’ nonacademic needs. AIR's evaluation found that students in WAZ schools experienced greater gains in English language arts and math achievement than students in similar schools that did not receive WAZ grants.