Characteristics of Schools, Districts, Teachers, Principals, and School Libraries in the United States: 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey
The Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) is the nation’s most extensive sample survey of elementary and secondary schools and the teachers and administrators who staff them. Sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), SASS has been conducted five times: in school years 1987-88, 1990-91, 1993-94, 1999-2000, and 2003- 04 by the United States Census Bureau. This report introduces the data from the fifth administration (2003-04) of SASS.
The 2003-04 SASS covered three school sectors: public, Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), and private. “Public schools” include traditional public schools and public charter schools. “Traditional public schools” are defined as institutions that provide educational services for at least one of grades 1-12 (or comparable ungraded levels), have one or more teachers to give instruction, are located in one or more buildings, receive public funds as primary support, and are operated by an education agency. They include regular, special education, vocational/technical, and alternative schools. They also include schools in juvenile detention centers, and domestic schools located on military bases and operated by the Department of Defense. “Public charter schools” are public schools that, in accordance with an enabling state statute, have been granted a charter exempting them from selected state or local rules and regulations. “BIA-funded schools” are schools that are funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and may be operated by the BIA, a local tribe, or private contractor. “Private schools” are schools not in the public system that provide instruction for any of grades 1-12 (or comparable ungraded levels). The instruction must be given in a building that is not used primarily as a private home.
The sampling frame for public schools was an adjusted version of the 2001-02 Common Core of Data (CCD). The private school sampling frame is based on a list frame supplemented by an area frame for complete coverage. The list frame was based on the 2001-02 Private School Survey (PSS). This frame was updated for the 2003-04 PSS with private school organizations and state lists collected by the Census Bureau in the autumn of 2002. The frame for Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) schools consisted of a CCD list of elementary, secondary, and combined K-12 schools that BIA funded or operated during the 2001-02 school year. All BIA schools that met the SASS definition of a school were included in the SASS sample.