The major goals of Title I funding are to provide services to children in low income families and to support school districts with large numbers of poor children. In 2015 ESSA mandated a report examining the distribution of Title I funds to better understand how the current formulas affect various types of school districts—large and small, poor and wealthy, urban, and rural. AIR conducted this report with the National Center for Education Statistics.
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21 Nov 2017
English learner (EL) students who do not attain English proficiency and grade-level mastery of academic content by the middle and upper grades are at risk of dropping out of high school or failing to graduate. To better understand the factors that influence EL students’ progress in Texas, this study examined the average time it took the 2005/06 cohort of grade 1 Hispanic EL students in the state to attain English language proficiency and meet state standards in reading and math.
28 Sep 2016
In an era of increasingly rigorous state standards, teachers at all grade levels face heightened expectations to deepen their students’ understanding of mathematical concepts. This report examines the impact of content-intensive professional development on teachers’ math content knowledge, their instructional practice, and their students’ achievement.
6 May 2016
This study compares the mathematics frameworks and item pools used in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) with the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and vice versa. In addition to that, differences in item features between the two assessments are described.
1 May 2016
New national standards documents have been developed over the past few years in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and are leading to major changes in state curricula and assessments. This study provides information primarily on the extent of alignment between the Next Generation Science Standards and National Assessment of Educational Progress frameworks in STEM and identifies areas of similarity and difference between them.
1 Dec 2015
Transitional kindergarten—the first year of a two-year kindergarten program for California children born between September 2 and December 2—is intended to better prepare young five-year-olds for kindergarten and ensure a strong start to their educational career. AIR researchers examined the success of the program by determining the impact of transitional kindergarten on students’ readiness for kindergarten in language, literacy, mathematics, executive functioning, and social-emotional skills.
26 Oct 2015
For more than four decades, the National Assessment of Educational Progress has provided the best available information about the academic achievement and educational progress of the nation’s students. The influence of the Common Core State Standards on instruction suggest the need to examine the alignment between the content covered by NAEP assessments and the content covered by the CCSS and its associated assessments. This study compares the items in the 2015 NAEP mathematics item pool and the CCSS for mathematics .
12 Mar 2015
Rural educators in the Northeast Region are beginning to implement the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics. For the implementation to be successful, teachers reported needing more time to collaborate and increased access to high-quality curricula and professional development opportunities.
19 Nov 2014
Far too many students see mathematics as a subject to be endured, rather than a subject of real-world importance and personal value. But when teachers use student-centered techniques to engage students in more active and authentic ways, they can transform math classrooms into lively learning environments in which students take charge of their own learning. This report describes the findings of a study of highly regarded high school math teachers who practice student-centered instruction.
2 Nov 2014
Recent survey data indicate that educators in small, rural schools often feel isolated and overburdened when asked to make substantial improvements in their math and science teaching and often desire additional instructional resources and supports. This report offers insight into how state, district, and school administrators can help teachers prepare students to meet the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics.