ESSA provides an opportunity for states to operationalize their college and career readiness vision. This brief provides a policy framework to help states align their college and career readiness definitions with relevant policy provisions under ESSA into one cohesive strategy.
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30 Jun 2016
This brief examines the 2004-to-2009 rate of persistence and attainment of postsecondary students who were seeking subbaccalaureate credentials in occupational fields of study.
24 Oct 2016
High-quality early care and education (ECE) provides a critical foundation for young children’s success in school and in life. Yet, in the United States, fewer than two out of three preschool-age children are enrolled in center-based ECE programs. This brief highlights promising practices used in many European countries to ensure all children have access to ECE—practices which can inform similar efforts in the U.S.
14 Sep 2016
This paper enters the debate about how U.S. schools might address long-standing disparities in educational and economic opportunities while improving the educational outcomes for all students. The aim is to spark fruitful discussion among educators, policymakers, and researchers.
6 Sep 2016
Income inequality is substantial for people 65 and over, but less pronounced than it would be without Social Security and Medicare. A new brief offers a look at what the distribution of financial resources would be like in their absence, and addresses how proposed changes should be analyzed.
6 Jun 2016
Measuring the contribution that Medicare and Social Security make to seniors is central to the debate over entitlement reforms. Understanding the role that these programs play is essential to understanding the impacts of various reform proposals. This brief explores issues related to the question of whether or not we can afford Medicare.
6 Jun 2016
A major justification for reforms to reduce Medicare benefits surrounds the claim that the program will be unaffordable in the future and will overburden taxpayers. But many such arguments aren’t based on facts or more than minimal amounts of analysis of these claims. This brief takes a comprehensive look at the likely levels of burden that Medicare will impose on taxpayers in relation to their projected ability to afford them.
6 Jun 2016
In the debate over Medicare’s future, one key question that’s nearly always at least implicit when reform comes up is who should pay. More specifically, how should the burden be split between taxpayers and beneficiaries? This brief examines how the burden is distributed and will shift over time.
20 Apr 2016
in the summer of 2014 the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) launched the LGBTQ Youth Homelessness Prevention Initiative to identify successful strategies for ensuring that no young person is left without a home because of their sexual orientation or gender identity and expression. This brief summarizes the lessons learned and recommendations of the initiative.
19 May 2016
In the Field
More than nine million individuals are released from correctional facilities annually, and the transition home is not always easy. Many face numerous obstacles including poverty, drug abuse, family dysfunction, and lack of access to services and treatment. Failure to reconnect can mean that many end up back in prison: 68 percent of those released are incarcerated again within five years. AIR expert Roger Jarjoura shares his insights on how education can play a role in helping ex-offenders stay out of the justice system.