A recent high-profile study of sharply rising mortality rates for some Americans brought to light the hazards of chronic stress. Principal researcher Kathryn Paez explores why the health of middle-aged white women in particular is suffering.
Find specific work or narrow your results by type, topic, program, project, or service by selecting your criteria from the choices at right.
19 Nov 2015
The case for using toilets—less fecal pollution leads to better health—might seem self-evident, but 2.5 billion (according to United Nation’s estimates) of the world’s poorest still don’t have them. And it’s harder to press that case than might be imagined. After all, the causal link between fecal contamination and human health is a scientific fact while the decision to buy or use a toilet is governed more by such variables as cost, tradition, and culture than by science. When it comes to behavior change, effective outcomes depend wholly on recipients’ decision-making—a process that’s rarely understood, much less taken into account in project design.
17 Jun 2015
Medicare is nearly always a target of federal budget-cutting efforts. AIR Institute Fellow Marilyn Moon says we need a thoughtful debate about how to pay for healthcare for older adults and people with disabilities into the future. Her analysis addresses past and future changes to the program and revenue options.
4 Jun 2015
Bullying is on the decline, but evidence is mounting that it is even more toxic for children and adolescents than previously thought. In this commentary, David Osher suggests the need for an interim strategy until anti-bullying efforts are in full force, such as the infusion approach, which integrates anti-bullying initiatives into other school-wide activities.
6 Apr 2015
This is an anniversary year for both Medicare and the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Medicare was passed 50 years ago in 1965 and the ACA was passed five years ago. These anniversaries bid us to consider lessons that can improve our healthcare system instead of accepting the benign neglect implicit in much of public discourse on health.
28 Mar 2015
In a New York Times op-ed, Bill Gates writes passionately about the lack of an effective international system to contain and defeat a future pandemic. He urges the United Nations to create a new organization responsible for worldwide planning and coordinated response. AIR researchers Julia Galdo and Alicia Eberl-Lefko contend the responsibility for preparing belongs to all of us.
19 Feb 2015
Research shows that the mere presence of a weapon in a car can intensify deadly aggression. In this commentary for CNN, AIR expert Mary Vriniotis addresses the recent road rage death of a 44-year-old mother and the complex relationship between guns and cars.
23 Jan 2015
Substance use and mental health conditions often co-occur among youth, but caregivers often do not know what to do when youth show signs of substance use problems. The Caregiver Guide: Substance Use Disorder Treatment Planning for Youth with Co-Occurring Disorders is designed to provide caregivers with a single source of information relevant to treating co-occurring substance use disorders and mental health conditions.
15 Jan 2015
Governors are called upon to lead and improve their states' education systems, addressing a number of diverse and changing issues. In this open letter, AIR's Angela Minnici, director of the Education Policy Center and the Center on Great Teachers and Leaders, sets out seven action steps for 2015 to help governors address the needs of students from early childhood through workforce.