Public pension systems in many U.S. states face large funding shortfalls. Movement toward defined contribution (DC) pension structures may reduce the likelihood of future shortfalls. We address some limitations of the existing literature by studying public-sector employees who are enrolled in either a defined benefit (DB) plan or hybrid DB-DC plan, and who at some points have been able to choose between these plans.
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9 Jan 2015
States, districts, and teachers identify a need for professional learning that enables Career and Technical Education teachers to help their students meet new standards, and to respond more effectively to shifts in policy and requirements. This brief outlines the most-needed training topics, the challenges to meeting these needs, and the learning opportunities that work best.
1 Oct 2015
One of the roles of the U.S. adult education system is to increase the number of nontraditional learners who transition to postsecondary education. Unlike transition services for high school graduates, the transformation of adult education programs to include transition services for adults is an emerging area of concern for the field of adult education. This brief examines the relationships between teacher characteristics and student transitioning into postsecondary education and finds that they were often not consistent across students with different educational functioning levels or were not substantively meaningful.
30 Sep 2015
Currently, the only large-scale source of data on adult education teachers and students comes from state data systems designed for federal accountability reporting through the National Reporting System, which requires all states to have a student-level record system for reporting the outcomes, attendance, and characteristics of students who attend federally funded adult education and literacy programs; however, using this data for the purposes of analysis and research is not straightforward. This brief focuses on communicating these common issues with administrative data and provides recommendations that may help states maintain a data system that can be better used for their own analysis and program evaluation as well as for outside research.
2 Oct 2015
The federal adult education program serves more than two million eligible adults who lack basic literacy and English language skills. Although numerous studies in K–12 have shown that measurable teacher characteristics can be related to student achievement, no such research exists that examines teacher effectiveness in adult education. To explore whether indicators of teacher quality are associated with student achievement in adult education, this second brief in a series examines the relationships between teacher characteristics and student achievement.
6 Oct 2015
Millions of working-age adults with disabilities are willing to work but do not have jobs and do not count as unemployed. Labor participation choices and employment experiences of people with disabilities vary substantially by disability type, suggesting a need to account for this diversity in efforts to improve the labor market outcomes for this population.
7 Oct 2015
For the last several years, the National Assessment Governing Board and the National Center for Education Statistics have been exploring how the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the Nation’s Report Card, can be used to assess the college and career readiness of America’s high school students. Researchers at AIR used existing administrative records from Virginia to examine the relationship between NAEP scores and a set of concrete measures of student success in college and in the labor market.
3 Oct 2015
Participants in adult education come from diverse educational and linguistic backgrounds and have a wide range of goals and needs. Despite the important role that adult education can play in students’ outcomes, little is known about the approximately 55,000 teachers providing the instruction that students depend on to achieve their goals. This brief is the first of a series of briefs that explore data on adult education teachers from three states in program year 2010–11.