Despite the increasing demand for food in both developed and developing counties, smallholder farmers are not able to integrate to local markets because of low capital, limited access to credit, and risk aversion. AIR is evaluating the 2SCALE agribusiness project, which was designed to help rural smallholders move from subsistence farming to farming as a business and supply agricultural products for local, national, regional, and international markets.
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Smallholder dairy farmers in Kenya rely on livestock for income and food security. However, milk production is regularly threatened by a number of factors. The overall goal of the Smallholder Dairy Commercialisation Programme is to increase the income of poor rural households that depend substantially on production and trade of dairy products for their livelihoods. AIR is investigating the program's impacts and implementation.
Although there has been less experience with universal cash transfers (UCTs) in Africa, particularly in humanitarian settings, they are among the more promising options for delivering assistance. In order to help fill the evidence gap on cash transfers in humanitarian settings, AIR partnered with UNICEF-DRC to compile and analyze data and lessons learned from the Alternative Responses for Communities in Crisis (ARCC) II program in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.