Older adults are more likely to fear losing their mental abilities than their physical abilities. But a growing body of research suggests that, for most people, mental decline isn’t inevitable and may even be reversible. It is now becoming clear that cognitive health and dementia prevention must be lifelong pursuits, and the new approaches springing from a better understanding of the risk factors for cognitive impairment are far more promising than current drug therapies. This brief analyzes the evidence.
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23 Oct 2014
In 1960, AIR launched Project Talent, the largest and most comprehensive study of high school students ever conducted in the United States. Project Talent data are now available to researchers through the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging. AIR survey methodologists worked with University of Michigan colleagues to prepare the data and documentation for preservation, enhancement, and dissemination. The team transformed the data from a large number of files on 9-track tapes to a data file for each high school grade, documenting the data and creating tools to facilitate its use.
20 Oct 2014
As American Baby Boomers retire and age, questions about how to deliver long-term care efficiently and control health care costs grow more important with each projected increase in health care needs. This brief examines recent research on both costs and outcomes, exposes fault lines in previous approaches to assessing consumer preferences in long-term care, and provides new evidence on the cost-effectiveness of current long-term care policy.
16 Oct 2014
Images tell a story: Project Talent taps into an enormous database to reveal insights, trends, and opportunities for further research on early Baby Boomers’ life course.
6 Oct 2014
After years of talking about America’s seniors as disproportionately poor, some commentators now characterize older Americans as better off than their younger counterparts. But many still live just above the poverty line, struggling to get by on dwindling savings while paying increasingly higher medical costs. This AIR Whiteboard, narrated by Center on Aging director Marilyn Moon, presents an overview of the economic challenges seniors face today.
25 Sep 2014
Learning more about the lifelong shadow of early life experiences is a challenge that can’t be met without longitudinal data. AIR and the University of Southern California are mining Project Talent's data to identify risk and protective factors for differential outcomes at older ages, to learn about the life trajectories of the baby-boom generation, and to align public policy and programs with research evidence and real-world opportunities and needs.
16 Sep 2014
Sixty-five has long been a benchmark age for public programs such as Social Security and Medicare, but many experts question whether it should be changed for today's aging society. In this video interview, Marilyn Moon, AIR Institute Fellow and director of AIR's Center on Aging, explains whether 65 is still a good milestone for aging, health, and retirement.
11 Jul 2014
Many longitudinal and follow-up studies face a common challenge in locating participants over time. The 2011–12 Project Talent Follow-up Pilot Study examined the extent to which a geographically dispersed subsample of participants can be located again after decades with no contact, using relatively low-cost methods.
5 Jun 2014
Medicare expert and Institute Fellow Marilyn Moon offers her thoughts on program reforms and urges new HHS Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell to defend beneficiaries against unintended harm: “never forget that Medicare is a program for the elderly and disabled.”
High rates of antibiotic use have been linked to the growth of healthcare associated infections as well as multi-drug resistant organisms—both of which can be life threatening to elderly patients. Along with a team of experts in nursing home care and antibiotic stewardship, AIR is developing a guide that will provide nursing homes with a set of easy to use tools to implement antimicrobial stewardship practices.