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MOSAIC Health Projects

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Health Projects

 

Qualitative Development of Patient-Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) for Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders

AIR conducted a literature review and focus groups to identify a reliable and valid Patient-Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) to document health outcomes for patients with Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD). This project is part of an outgrowth of efforts by the Food and Drug Administration to improve therapy for TMD through incorporating patient input into the design of measures of outcomes that are used to evaluate those therapies.

Project Director:  San Keller

Project Investigator:  San Keller

Subject:  Health

Population:  Adults (ages 18+)

Project Type:  Systematic literature review


The overarching outcome of the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center (MSKTC) is to improve the lives and services of people with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI), Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), and Burn Injury. MSKTC generates research-based information resources for all stakeholders and makes them available on the MSKTC website (msktc.org). The goals of this project are to enhance the understanding of SCI, TBI, and Burn rehabilitation research; increase awareness and use of SCI, TBI, and Burn Model Systems research findings by stakeholders; centralize SCI, TBI, and Burn Model Systems resources for effective and uniform provision of training, technical assistance, and dissemination; and increase capacity of Model System grantees to engage in knowledge translation activities.

Project Director:  Cindy Cai

Project Investigators:  Steve Garfinkel, Lynn Gerber

Subject:  Health, Spinal Cord Injury, Traumatic Brain Injury, Burn Injury

Population:  Children (ages 3 – 12), Teens (ages 13 – 17), Adults (ages 18+)

Project Type:  Knowledge translation, Systematic literature review


Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: Quality Indicators Literature Review

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s (AHRQ’s) Quality Indicators™ rely on readily available inpatient hospital claims data and can be used to pinpoint patient safety problems, identify opportunities for improvement, and track hospital performance over time. AIR conducted a literature review and environmental scan of the Quality Indicators to help inform decisions about the future of AHRQ’s Quality Indicators program, including which indicators to prioritize, retain, and refine for use in quality improvement initiatives.

Project Director:  Steve Garfinkel

Project Investigators:  Rikki Mangrum, Lee Thompson, Erin Johnson

Subject:  Health

Population:  Infants/toddlers (ages 0 – 3), Children (ages 3 – 12), Teens (ages 13 – 17), Adults (ages 18+)

Project Type:  Systematic literature review


AIR conducted a systematic review to develop a uniform definition of omissions of care in nursing homes that is meaningful to stakeholders and can be used for research and quality improvement.

Project Director:  Rikki Mangrum

Project Investigators:  Aaron Ogletree, Rouguia Barry

Subject:  Health, Nursing Homes

Population:  Adults (ages 18+)

Project Type:  Systematic literature review


 

Traumatic Brain Injury Education for Adult Patients and Families: A scoping review

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is increasingly viewed as a chronic condition, bringing long-term needs for patient and caregiver knowledge pertaining to symptom and problem management over time. AIR conducted a scoping review of the literature on brain injury education provided to adult patients and/or family members affected by TBI. The goals of the project were to describe the types of educational interventions that have been developed; to review the effects of these interventions; and to determine gaps that might be filled by future research efforts.

Project Director:  Cindy Cai

Project Investigators:  Cindy Cai

Subject:  Health, Traumatic Brain Injury

Population:  Adults (ages 18+)

Project Type:  Scoping review


The Consequences of School Violence: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The daily challenges resulting from all types of school violence—such as physical aggression, bullying, peer victimization, and general threats—have the potential to affect, longitudinally, students’ mental health, school performance, and involvement in criminal or delinquent acts. Across primary and secondary studies, however, variation in how and how much school violence relates to these outcomes, has persisted. AIR conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to clarify this uncertainty by synthesizing the longitudinal relations.

Project Director:  Joshua Polanin

Project Investigators:  Joshua Polanin

Subject:  Health, School Violence

Population:  Elementary school (Grades 1 – 5), Middle school (Grades 6 – 8), High school (Grades 9 – 12)

Project Type:  Meta-analysis, Systematic literature review