Early Academic Career Pathways in STEM: Do Gender and Family Status Matter?
Women with STEM Ph.D.’s are likelier to start their careers in academia, but their male peers get more of the faculty appointments at research institutions, according to a new analysis that explores the impact gender and family may have on the careers of these new graduates.
Early Academic Career Pathways in STEM: Do Gender and Family Status Matter? examines the extent to which factors related to work-life balance may be pushing or pulling women of all races and ethnicities out of academic careers early in the academic career pathway.
Among the findings in the report by AIR researchers Courtney Tanenbaum and Rachel Upton:
- Men were more likely than women to secure a position upon earning their STEM Ph.D.'s, but among those with secured positions, women were more likely than men to begin their careers in academe.
- At the same time, males were significantly more likely than females to secure the more prestigious or difficult-to-obtain academic position: faculty at a research university.
- Being married and having children suggests a disadvantage in securing a position at a research institution—for both men and women.