Areas of Expertise
Human Factors in the Workplace
Human performance in the workplace is influenced by many things, including the way in which people interact with the systems, tools, machines, and environments of work and everyday life. AIR researchers apply their knowledge of work and human behavior to design workplace systems, procedures, and devices that improve performance, maximizes safety, and reduce risk and error. In addition, we design and evaluate software so that it is consonant with human capabilities, evaluate the causal contributors to human error, evaluate voluntary incident report systems, and conduct process analyses related to the use of aeronautical information.
The purpose of this study was to assess the relative effectiveness of different approaches to debriefing team performance: team debrief with videotape, team debrief without videotape, instructor debrief with videotape, and instructor debrief without videotape. We hypothesized that the four approaches would not be equally effective. However, the lack of consensus in the literature made it impossible to hypothesize whether team- vs. instructor-led debriefs would be more effective. Based on our personal experience, we hypothesized that debriefings which incorporate videotape would be perceived as more effective than those which did not.
Toward a Generalized Human Factors Taxonomy for Classifying ASAP Incident Reports, AQP Performance Ratings, and FOQA Output
Over the years, the FAA has partnered with industry to develop programs for reporting, classifying, and analyzing safety-related data, but none has been able to integrate data from multiple sources. We are developing a generalized Human Factors taxonomy for classifying de-identified ASAP incident reports, AQP performance ratings, and FOQA output. Eventually this taxonomy will be embedded into a series of searchable computer databases that speak a common language, allowing the search for trends.
A Review of Selected Aviation Human Factors Taxonomies, Accident/Incident Reporting Systems, and Data Reporting Tools
This review—which summarizes the state-of-the art in aviation error reporting, classification, and analysis—serves as the foundation for our future taxonomic research.